Cybersecurity Domains, Important methods, Solutions

Definition of Cybersecurity.
Protection of vital systems and private data from a growing number of constantly evolving cyber threats is only possible thanks to the development of cybersecurity technology and the adoption of industry best practices.
When it comes to preventing digital threats, cyber security is essential. Cybersecurity measures, also known as information technology (IT) security, are implemented to protect against outside and internal threats to networked systems and applications.

The average cost of a data breach worldwide was $3.86 million in 2020, while it was $8.64 million in the United States. Downtime and lost revenue are two of the most apparent effects of a security breach, but there are also long-term effects on a company’s reputation and brand that can’t be overlooked. Names, addresses, national identity numbers (such as a Social Security number in the United States or a fiscal code in Italy), and credit card details are all prime targets for cybercriminals, who sell the data in dark web marketplaces. When personal information is compromised, businesses risk losing customers, being fined by regulators, and even facing legal action.

Disparate technology and a lack of in-house expertise can add complexity to a security system, driving up expenses. But businesses with a comprehensive cybersecurity plan may combat cyber threats and lessen the impact of breaches by automating responses with sophisticated analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning.

Domains in Cybersecurity

Cyber attacks that seek to access, modify, or delete data, extort money from users or the organization, or disrupt routine company operations are just a few of the types of cybercrime that may be defended against with the help of a solid cybersecurity plan. Remedial actions need to focus on the following:

Security measures are taken to safeguard the nation’s critical infrastructure (its computers, networks, and other assets necessary to maintain public order and safety). To aid businesses, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed a cybersecurity framework; the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) offers further advice in this area.

Network security refers to the precautions taken to prevent unauthorized users from accessing data across a computer network, whether it be a wired or wireless connection.

Application security refers to measures taken locally and in the cloud to keep data safe from unauthorized access. Application security should be designed from the beginning, taking into account data handling, user authentication, etc.

Support for customer privacy, corporate requirements, and regulatory compliance standards via cloud security, more specifically through genuine confidential computing, which encrypts cloud data at rest (in storage), in motion (as it travels to and from the cloud), and in use (during processing).

Security safeguards are in place to prevent unauthorized access, disclosure, or theft of your most sensitive data, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

End-user training entails raising overall security consciousness inside an organization to protect its endpoints better. There are only two examples of training users to remove suspicious email attachments and not utilize strange USB devices.

Tools and processes for responding to unanticipated occurrences, including power outages or cyberattacks, in a way that causes as little disruption to essential activities as possible makeup what is known as disaster recovery and business continuity plans.

Data protection via IBM’s storage systems FlashSystem® provides multiple layers of protection to ensure the security of your data. Encryption, as well as isolated, immutable copies of data, fall under this category. These are kept in the same pool so that they may be brought back online rapidly to aid in recovery and lessen the overall effect of a cyber attack.

With IBM Security® MaaS360 with Watson, you can protect your mobile employees with encrypted email and app containers.

Urban legends about cyber security

Misconceptions persist despite the growing number of cyberattacks around the world, such as the idea that:

Foreigners, in this case, cybercriminals. In truth, malicious insiders—either acting alone or collaborating with external hackers—are frequently to blame for cybersecurity breaches. These insiders may be affiliated with well-structured groups supported by governments.

Dangers are well-known and understood. The threat landscape is still growing, with thousands of new flaws in legacy and cutting-edge software and hardware. And the chances of a data breach occurring due to carelessness on the part of an employee or contractor keep growing.

All potential entry points have been sealed off. Linux systems, OT, IoT devices, and cloud settings are all possible entry points for cybercriminals, and this number is growing.

I work in a secure field. Cybersecurity threats affect every sector of the economy, as cybercriminals target public and private institutions’ communication infrastructures to steal sensitive information. Examples include increased threats to supply chains, “.gov” websites, critical infrastructure, and new sectors, including local governments and non-profits, as intended victims of ransomware attacks (see below).

Most typical online dangers

Professionals in the field of cybersecurity put in a lot of time and effort to plug security holes. Still, hackers continually seek new ways to avoid detection by IT and staff, circumvent safeguards, and take advantage of growing vulnerabilities. Using benefits like telecommuting, remote access, and cloud computing, the most recent cybersecurity risks are putting a novel spin on old dangers. New dangers include:

Malware

Malicious software, or “malware,” includes programs like viruses, trojan horses, worms, and spyware that are designed to either gain illegal access to a system or damage it. Now more than ever, malware attacks are being created to evade traditional detection methods like antivirus software, which looks for dangerous file attachments.

Learn More About Malware in the 2022 Threat Intelligence Index

Ransomware

When files, data, or systems are infected with ransomware, the virus encrypts them. It then threatens to delete or destroy the data or reveal private or sensitive information unless a ransom is paid to the hackers who unleashed the attack. State and local governments have been the focus of recent ransomware attacks because they are easier to infiltrate than corporations and face pressure to pay ransoms to restore the programs and websites on which their residents rely.

Social engineering/phishing

A social engineering technique called “phishing” is used to coerce victims into divulging their personal identifiable information (PII). Phishing schemes use email or text communications that look to come from a trusted source to steal personal information (such as passwords or credit card numbers). In response to the rise of remote employment, the FBI has noticed an increase in pandemic-related phishing.

Insider attacks

An insider threat can be anyone with access to a system or network in the past, whether they were an employee, business partner, contractor, or otherwise. Firewalls and intrusion detection systems, which typically only look for external attacks, may miss insider ones.

DDoS attacks, or distributed denial of service assaults,

A distributed denial of service attack, or DDoS, is an attempt to bring down a server, website, or network by flooding it with traffic. Business networks are vulnerable to Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks because they rely on the SNMP protocol used by modems, printers, switches, routers, and servers.

Persistent and sophisticated threats (APTs)

The goal of an APT is for the intruder or group of intruders to access a system and hide there for a long time without being discovered. In this scenario, the intruder does not disable any networks or systems, allowing them to secretly monitor company operations and steal confidential information without raising suspicion or setting off alarms. Consider the recent Solar Winds hack into US government networks as an example of an APT.

Middle-man assaults

Man-in-the-middle attacks are a form of eavesdropping in which a hacker poses as a third party and transfers information between two other parties. If a Wi-Fi network isn’t adequately protected, for instance, an attacker may potentially snoop on communications between a guest’s device and the web.

Important methods and tools for cyber security

Organizations may implement robust cybersecurity that decreases their exposure to cyber-attacks and protects their vital information systems with the help of the following best practices and technologies without negatively impacting the user or customer experience.

User identities and the criteria under which they are permitted or denied access are managed by identity and access management (IAM). Single sign-on allows a user to log in to a network only once without re-entering credentials during the same session; multifactor authentication necessitates two or more access credentials; privileged user accounts grant administrative privileges only to specific users, and user lifecycle management oversees each user’s identity and access privileges from registration to retirement. In addition, IAM solutions can let your cybersecurity team monitor suspicious behaviour on end-user devices, even if they don’t have physical access to those devices. This expedites the time it takes to investigate and respond to a breach, which helps to limit its impact.

Protecting data in hybrid multi-cloud systems is just one use case for a complete data security platform. The most effective data security platforms streamline compliance with government and industry data privacy regulations while providing automated, real-time visibility into data vulnerabilities and ongoing monitoring that alerts them to data vulnerabilities and risks before they become data breaches. Data encryption and backups are also essential for security.

Security information and event management (SIEM) compile and analyzes data from security events to automatically detect suspicious user activity and trigger a preventative or corrective response. Modern SIEM solutions use cutting-edge detection methods, such as user behaviour analytics and AI (AI). Depending on your organization’s risk management goals, SIEM can automatically prioritize cyber threat response. Additionally, many businesses are combining their SIEM software with security orchestration, automation, and response (SOAR) solutions to speed up and automate their response to cybersecurity issues.

Security in which no one can be trusted

Companies in the modern day have more connections than ever before. Your infrastructure, end users, and data all exist and function in several physical locations. Implementing security rules within each environment adds complexity, but perimeter-based protection is no longer sufficient. The results in both cases are weaker security for your most prized possessions. A zero-trust strategy treats the possibility of compromise as a given and implements measures to verify the identity and intent of every user, device, and connection that interacts with the company. Organizations must have a method to aggregate security information to build the context (device security, location, etc.) that successfully informs and enforces validation controls to implement a zero-trust strategy.

IBM and Cybersecurity

IBM Security has a suite of enterprise security solutions and services that is among the most cutting-edge and comprehensive. The security solutions in this portfolio, backed by IBM’s acclaimed X-Force® research, enable businesses to embed security into their operations, allowing them to prosper even in the face of ambiguity.

You can find resources to aid with threat analysis, incident reporting, and reaction planning at:

Global threat intelligence from IBM X-Force Exchange (link goes off-site).

Utilizing IBM’s Security Services to Align Your Cybersecurity Strategy

IBM’s Cyber Range Experience Command Center

Visit IBM Security Intelligence (link is external) for the most up-to-date techniques, trends, and insights on cybersecurity from IBM’s security specialists.

Find out more about IBM’s Security offerings.

Solutions

The IBM Security Cloud Pak®

Hybrid, multi-cloud environments can benefit from integrating security solutions to understand potential risks better.

IBM Cloud Pak for Security: A Learning Guide

The Intersection of Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity

To speed up response times and supplement under-resourced security operations, AI is changing the game for cybersecurity by analyzing large amounts of risk data.

Synthetic Intelligence and Computer Network Protection

QRadar® by IBM for Security (IBM)

Studying intelligent security analytics would help to gain visibility into the most pressing security issues.

IBM’s Security QRadar

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